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Abramelin Oil - (Various Magical Recipes)..

Abramelin Oil - (Various Magical Recipes)..

Voici quelques infos et opinions, différentes versions de la recette de l'huile d'Abramelin. Il n'est pas facile de trouver la recette 'correcte'. Même si je n'adhère pas avec les travaux de Crowley; j'ai décidé de conserver les notes originales, pour ceux et celles que cela pourrait intéresser..

Here some infos and opinions about the Abramelin Oil.. It is not very easy to find the 'correct recipe'.. Even if I don't agree with Crowley's stuffz (and Co), I've keep the notes for people whom may be interested..

Let's begin with a very nice sharing of our friend, Andy Foster - (Magic & Grimoires)

How to make Abramelin Oil from essential oils. Non-thelemit (proper) version.

We have to understand, that original proportions of Abramelin receipt relate to raw material, not to content of essential oils. So, we need to calculate max.percentage of oils in substances: 

Myrhh - 4-5%, Cinnamon and Cassia - 1%, Calamus - 3%.

Now, lets accepts one weight part of raw material as 1 kg (1000 g).

The calculation for German receipt: 1 part by weight (1,000 g) Myrrh give 50 g (5%) of an oil.

From 1 kg of Calamus obtain 30 g of oil (3%). 
From 1 weight part of Cassia we obtain about 10 g of essential oil (1%), and 500 grams (one-half part by weight) Cinnamon - 5 g of an oil (1%). 

For this amount we have to take olive oil ¼ of the total weight of the content (1000 + 1000 + 1000 + 500 = 3500 g): 3500/4 = 875 grams.

So, proportions for oils: 5 parts of Myrrh + 3 parts of Calamus + 1 part of Cassia and 0.5 of Cinnamon oils. 

And from 50 up to 90 parts of olive oil (depends from pureness of essential oils).

To calculate the French version of the recipe: 50 g of Myrrh oil, 20 g of Cinnamon oil, Calamus oil - 15 g and 1750 g of Olive oil.

From  Doc SOLOMON:

"Abramelin Holy Oil is a very powerful anointing oil, used to consecrate tools, robes, furnishings, talismans and (of course) oneself. It can also be used to seal the doorways and windows of your home for protection".

The recipe for Abramelin Oil is based directly upon the Holy Anointing Oil described in the Biblical Book of Exodus, chapter 30:23-25 - by which all holy furnishings as well as Aaron and the Priesthood were consecrated. The instructions were adapted into the Book of Abramelin, Book II, Chapter 11, "Concerning the Selection of the Place."

True Abramelin Oil is nearly impossible to purchase, because the correct recipe is rarely followed. Commercial "Abramelin Oil" is usually compounded from essential oils, using the wrong weight measurements, and is therefore often dangerous to use (due to containing large amounts of pure cinnamon extract): it can burn the skin and eyes.


Abramelin oil:

Abramelin oil, also called Oil of Abramelin, is a ceremonial magic oil blended from aromatic plant materials. Its name came about due to its having been described in a medieval grimoire called The Book of Abramelin written by Abraham the Jew (presumed to have lived from c.1362–c.1458). The recipe is adapted from the Jewish Holy anointing oil of the Tanakh, which is described in the Book of Exodus (30:22-25) attributed to Moses. Abramelin oil became popular in the Western esoteric tradition in the 20th century after the publication of the S. L. MacGregor Mathers English translation of the The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage (1897), and especially via Aleister Crowley, who used a similar version of the oil in his system of Magick. There are multiple recipes in use today and the oil continues to be used in several modern occult traditions, particularly Thelema (created in 1904 by Crowley) and the Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica.

The oil is described in The Book of Abramelin by Abraham of Worms, a Jew from Worms, Germany, presumed to have lived from c.1362–c.1458. In the English translation The Book of Abramelin: A New Translation (2006) by Steven Guth of Georg Dehn, which was compiled from all the known German manuscript sources, the formula reads as follows:

Take one part of the best myrrh, half a part of cinnamon, one part of cassia, one part galanga root, and a quarter of the combined total weight of good, fresh olive oil. Make these into an ointment or oil as is done by the chemists. Keep it in a clean container until you need it. Put the container together with the other accessories in the cupboard under the altar. Guth's translation of the recipe may be incorrect. The German sources clearly list "Calmus" or "Kalmus". But, instead of calamus, Guth has translated these as "galanga root" (galangal). Taking this into account, the five ingredients listed by Abraham of Worms in The Book of Abramelin are identical to those listed in the Bible. Only the proportions are slightly different (one-half versus one part of calamus).

In the first printed edition, Peter Hammer, 1725, the recipe reads:

Nimm Myrrhen des besten 1 Theil, Zimmt 1/2 Theil, soviel des Calmus als Zimmet, Cassien soviel als der Myrrhen im Gewicht und gutes frisches Baumöl..." (Take 1 part of the best myrrh, 1/2 part cinnamon, as much calamus as cinnamon, of cassia as much as the myrrh in weight and good fresh tree oil...)

Note that the proportions in this edition have been changed to conform with the recipe for Holy anointing oil from the Bible (Exodus 30:22-25):

Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of kaneh bosem two hundred and fifty shekels, and of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin: And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compounded after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.

Samuel Mathers' Abramelin oil:

According to the S. L. MacGregor Mathers English translation from 1897, which derives from an incomplete French manuscript copy of The Book of Abramelin, the recipe is: You shall prepare the sacred oil in this manner: Take of myrrh in tears, one part; of fine cinnamon, two parts; of galangal half a part; and the half of the total weight of these drugs of the best oil olive. The which aromatics you shall mix together according unto the art of the apothecary, and shall make thereof a balsam, the which you shall keep in a glass vial which you shall put within the cupboard (formed by the interior) of the altar.

The four ingredients listed by Mathers in his translation of The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage (1897) are Myrrh, Cinnamon, Galangal, and Olive oil. The word that he translated from the French as "Galangal" is actually the word "Calamus." The other extant manuscripts also list "Calamus" as the ingredient. It is unknown if Mathers' use of Galangal instead of Calamus was intentional or a mistranslation, but it was to result in several notable changes, including symbolism and use.

Since Cinnamon and Cassia are two species of the same Cinnamomum genus, their doubling up into one name by the translator of the French manuscript is not unexpected. His reasons for doing so may have been prompted by a pious decision to avoid duplicating true Holy Oil, or by a tacit admission that in medieval Europe, it was difficult to obtain Cinnamon and Cassia as separate products.

(The four ingredients listed by Mathers in his translation of "The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage" are Myrrh, Cinnamon, Galangal (Little John to Chew), and Olive oil.

Mathers' substitution of "Galangal" for "Calamus" was a poor translation on his part; the word that he translated from the French is actually the word "Calamus." All of the other extant manuscripts, in German and Aramaic, also list "Calamus" as the ingredient. This mistake by Mathers was to have repercussions in the works of later occultists, especially Anglophones.)

Abramelin oil made with essential oils:

A recipe for Abramelin oil using essential oils is as follows:

half part cinnamon essential oil
1 part myrrh essential oil
1 part calamus essential oil
1 part cassia essential oil
one-quarter of the foregoing total weight olive oil

Since ancient perfumers and apothecaries never compounded their fragrances by mixing essential oils in such large ratio with respect to carrier oils—because the original formula was to be distilled after maceration, not before—it is possible to restore the proportions to something like what they might have been if maceration and distillation had occurred "according to the art of the apothecary":

half part cinnamon essential oil
1 parts myrrh essential oil
1 part calamus essential oil
1 part cassia essential oil
7 parts olive oil

This is a highly fragranced oil that may be applied to the skin in more liberal amounts; it is a close, modern approximation of the oil described by Abramelin to Abraham of Worms.

Essential oil variation of the Biblical recipe:

1 part myrrh oil
1 part cassia oil
1/2 part cinnamon leaf oil
1/2 part "keneh bosem" oil, which is sometimes spelled "kaneh bosem"
7 parts olive oil.

The Biblical holy anointing oil described in Exodus 30:22-25 was created from:

Pure myrrh (מר דרור mar deror) 500 shekels (about 6 kg/13⅕ lbs)
Sweet cinnamon (קינמון בשם kinnemon besem) 250 shekels (about 3 kg/6⅗ lbs)
Kaneh bosem (קְנֵה-בֹשֶׂם kaneh bosm) 250 shekels (about 3 kg/6⅗ lbs)
Cassia (קדה kiddah) 500 shekels (about 6 kg/13⅕ lbs)
Olive oil (שמן זית shemen sayith) one hin (about 5 quarts according to Adam Clarke; about 4 litres according to Shiurei Torah, 7 litres according to the Chazon Ish)

Macerated Abramelin oil:

A recipe for Abramelin oil based upon the French manuscript:

4 parts cinnamon bark quills, reduced to powder
2 parts myrrh resin, finely ground
1 part calamus chopped root, reduced to powder
half of the foregoing total weight olive oil

The mixture is macerated for one month, then decanted and bottled for use, producing a fragranced oil suitable for anointing any portion of the body, and will not burn the skin. It may be applied liberally, after the manner of traditional Jewish Holy Oils, such as the one which was poured on Aaron's head until it ran down his beard. It is not, however, made "according unto the art of the apothecary", since it is not distilled after the maceration but decanted into bottles.

Mathers' Macerated Abramelin oil:

Making Abramelin oil according to S. L. MacGregor Mathers' 1897 translation of the French manuscript requires compounding the oil from raw ingredients. The ratio given in the book is as follows:

4 parts cinnamon bark quills, reduced to powder
2 parts myrrh resin tears, finely ground
1 part galangal sliced root, reduced to powder
half of the foregoing total weight olive oil

This mixture is macerated for one month, and then using an apothecary’s perfume press the oil would then be separated and bottled for use. The result is a fragranced oil suitable for anointing any portion of the body, and it will not burn the skin.

As essential oils are approximately 2% of raw ingredients on average, it is possible to make the oil this way using essential oils, by multiplying the total weight by 25 [50 for total weight, divided by 2] for the olive oil quantity or enough olive oil to ensure that the essential oils are completely dissolved. This will have the same effect of the oil no longer burning the skin. Once dissolved the olive oil will change from green to silver in colour.

Crowley's Abramelin oil made with essential oils:

Early in the 20th century, the British occultist Aleister Crowley created his own version of Abramelin Oil, which he called "Oil of Abramelin," and sometimes referred to as the "Holy Oil of Aspiration." It was based on S. L. MacGregor Mathers' substitution of Galangal for Calamus. Crowley also abandoned the book's method of preparation—which specifies blending Myrrh "tears" (resin) and "fine" (finely ground) Cinnamon—instead opting for pouring together distilled essential oils with a small amount of olive oil. His recipe (from his Commentary to Liber AL vel Legis) reads as follows:

8 parts cinnamon essential oil
4 parts myrrh essential oil
2 parts galangal essential oil
7 parts olive oil

Crowley weighed out his proportions of essential oils according to the recipe specified by Mathers' translation for weighing out raw materials. The result is to give the Cinnamon a strong presence, so that when it is placed upon the skin "it should burn and thrill through the body with an intensity as of fire." This formula is unlike the grimoire recipe and it cannot be used for practices that require the oil to be poured over the head. Rather, Crowley intended it to be applied in small amounts, usually to the top of the head or the forehead, and to be used for anointment of magical equipment as an act of consecration.

Doubly consecrated Crowley oil of Abramelin recipe:

It is possible to add 1 part of a previously consecrated batch of the Crowley version of Abramelin oil to each new batch. This can be done for magical reasons and does not change the proportions of the ingredients.

From Aaron Leitch / Ananael Blog:

Essential Oil of Abramelin:

Let me start with the most common type of Abramelin oil.  This is the version you will likely get if you buy it from a store.  It was invented by Aleister Crowley, and has therefore been used ever since by Thelemites.  From there it spread into Golden Dawn practices, Neopaganism and even Hoodoo folk magick.  It has become a well-established tradition by this point in time, though keep in mind it is not proper Abramelin oil.

Crowley used the French recipe, but decided to begin with essential oils rather than using plant material to extract his own.  This would not have been a bad idea, actually – except Crowley made two errors:

First, he didn’t increase the measurement of the olive oil.  Raw plant materials weigh much more than their extracted oils, and thus half the weight of the plants is heavier than half the weight of the oils.  Crowley added the mixed essential oils to half the amount of olive oil, meaning the olive oil became a minor ingredient rather than the carrier.

Second, Crowley appears to have measured the oils (essential and olive) by volume rather than by weight.  This, once again, results in much less olive oil in the mix than there should have been.  Both of these errors combined produce an oil that is primarily cinnamon extract, and very dangerous to use on the skin!  I have heard horror stories about people anointing their foreheads in a ritual, only to have sweat wash it into their eyes as the ritual progresses.  Some others find that the oil burns and even blisters their skin upon contact.

Thelemites consider this a spiritual ordeal, and it has become an integral part of their overall system.  Meanwhile, the Book of Exodus describes this oil being poured over the heads of Aaron and the other priests until it dripped from their beards.  That was obviously not the Crowley version of the oil, or else Yahweh would have been served by a blind and disfigured priesthood.

Following is a recipe that will work with purchased essential oils, and will not be as dangerous as Crowley’s version.  Make sure to measure by weight rather than volume!

Essential Oil of Abramelin (non-Thelemic version):

1 pt Myrrh Oil
1 pt Calamus Oil or Galangal Oil
1 pt Cassia Oil
1/2 pt Cinnamon Oil

7 times the total weight of the above in Olive Oil

(Note: Kudos to Denise Alvarado, who gives this exact recipe in her Voodoo Hoodoo Spellbook.  It is the first time I’ve seen it in print!)

Cone-Extracted Oil of Abramelin:

Of course, the best thing to do is gather the plant material and extract the oils yourself.  Some Biblical scholars have suggested that a curious form of decanting was the method used by Moses and the priesthood.  It is not my preferred method, though I see no reason why it shouldn’t work.  Here it is:

– Gather a large amount of plant material.  You can either get them in powder form, or reduce raw plant material to a powder with a mortar and pestle.  Combine them and weigh them.

– Form a cone from a material that can withstand contact with oil, such as leather or cellophane.  Prop the cone upright so its smaller point is downward, then fill it with the plant material.  Make sure it doesn’t pour out from the point of the cone.

– Place a jar beneath the cone.  Then pour a small amount of olive oil into the cone on top of the packed plant material.  Don’t drown it, just cover the top.

– Wait a while, and you’ll find the powders have absorbed the oil.  So now add the same amount again.  You might be able to do this two or three times within a day.  Continue this every day until:

– Eventually, olive oil infused with the plants’ essence will begin to drip from the point of the cone.  Continue adding a little more oil into the cone each day, until enough infused oil collects in the jar.  The amount you want should weigh exactly one-half the weight of the original plant material.  Once that is achieved, dispose of the cone and its remaining contents.

To be honest, this sounds a bit like cheating, because it uses much more than the required amount of olive oil – not to mention wasting a large amount at the end of the process.  Still, the resulting holy oil would be proper for all intents and purposes.

(A great article on this subject is called The Anal-Retentive’s Guide to Oil of Abramelin by Frater RIKB.)

Steam-Extracted Oil of Abramelin:

Today, professional oil extraction is done via steam distillation.  You need specialized equipment for this process, and it is unlikely to have been the method used by Moses.  It is less clear if the author of Abramelin might have intended it when he said “art of the apothecary.”  I will outline the process in a simple fashion here:

– In a steam distiller, the plant material (not reduced to powder!) is placed on a grate over heated water.  The water is transformed to steam and forced through the grate and over the plants, where the heat vaporizes the plants’ essential oils.

– The still condenses and cools the steam and essential oils and collects them in a separator.  The separator then separates the oil from the water.

– The essential oil is placed in a jar and sealed.  The water, now called hydrosol, can also be saved.  This is where we obtain waters infused with plant essences – such as rose water or lavender water.

– Once you have extracted the necessary oils, gently stir them into olive oil weighing 1/2 of what the original plant material weighed.

Though I would love to have access to all of this wonderful equipment, my means are more humble.  Therefore, I decided to go with an alchemical process with which I have previously experimented:

Alcohol-Extracted Oil of Abramelin

My preferred method begins with the creation of a tincture.  It is a relatively simple process, and you likely already have most of the tools you need in your kitchen.  To begin with, let’s take a look at the recipe I use:

Leitch Version:

1 pt Myrrh
1 pt Calamus
1 pt Cassia
1/2 pt Cinnamon

1/2 total weight of the above in Olive Oil

This is a synthesis of the German recipe for the plant material and the larger amount of olive oil called for in the French version.  You can also choose to replace the calamus with galangal if that is the Abramelin tradition you wish to follow.